Laboratory Explorations: Functions

Collaborate with your assigned partner in completing this activity.  

1. Download this file:   checkit.h   Save this file in the same folder as your other programs.
Using a text editor, create a new file and enter the source code from this file:   geometry.c
This program is based on Fig 3.21 in your text.  If you haven't already read Section 3.5, do so now.

2. Compile the geometry.c program.  You should see several errors.
To correct the errors, perform these steps:
  1. Add #include for the math library.
  2. Add a constant for kPi:          #define kPi 3.14
Now compile the program again and make sure it compiles successfully.

Execute the program.  The output should display "Test passed on line 34." (The line number might vary if you added extra blank lines.)  This message is displayed by the checkit_double() function.  It confirms that call find_circum() with a value of zero will return zero.

3. Add a the following statement to the  test_cases() function of the program.  
   checkit_double(find_circum(3), 18.84);

4. Predict: Using a calculator, predict what will returned from calling find_circum() with a value of three.  Execute the program and observe what is displayed by checkit.

5. Introduce an error in find_circum().  Change "2.0" to "1.0".   Execute the program and observe what is displayed by checkit.  We use checkit to see if the actual result from a function matches the expected result.  Checkit provides an automated mechanism for verifying function results that is fast and reliable.  We will use it extensively throughout the course.

6. Repair the error you introduced in the previous step Next we want to determine if the find_area() function is working correctly.  Invent a value for the radius, and use a calculator to compute the area of a circle with that radius.  In the test_cases() method add another call to checkit to see if find_area() produces the expected result for the radius you invented.  Your statement will look like this one, but you must fill in the blanks:
checkit_double( find_area( ____ ), ____ );

7. When you want to find the square of a number, the best way is to multiply the number by itself, not use the "pow" function. Change the body of the find_area function so that it multiplies r times itself instead of using the "pow" function.

8. Move the declaration of the find_area function BELOW the main  function. When you compile, this should give an error. Write down the error message that is reported.  Leave the declaration below the main, and add a function prototype to correct the error.

9. Remove the brace on the line after the return in the find_circum function.  When you compile, this should give an error. Write down the error message that is reported. Now repair the error by replacing the brace.

10.  Create a local variable in the find_area function called "result" and assign it the result of the area computation.  Then change the return statement so that it returns the value of result.

11. Write a new function, find_volume, that returns the volume of a cylinder with a given height and radius.  The function will require two arguments; you can make them both be of type double.
Use the formula

12. Write a testcase for find_volume. Predict the volume for a known height and radius using a calculator. Now write a call to checkit that evaluates find_volume() to see if it works correctly. Your statement will look like this one, but you must fill in the blanks:
checkit_double( find_volume( ____, ____ ),  ____ );

12. Change the body of find_volume so that it invokes find_area to perform the area computation.

13.  (Optional - Uses selection from Chapter 4.) Add a decision so that the computations are performed only if the radius and height are both positive non-zero numbers, otherwise display an error message.

Show your executing program to your instructor.  You do not need to use handin to submit your work.

Optional: Setup the jGRASP IDE in the CSL.